Did agriculture start with the use of agricultural technology? When did agriculture start? What about the different types of equipment used in the agricultural fields today? When did agriculture start with the use of these different types of equipment? What type of tools were used in ancient times that are still being used in today’s agricultural fields?
One of the most important types of agricultural technology used by early farmers was the plow or the wheel. The discovery of fire helped to create a better means of producing food for the early farmers. The use of plows or wheels allowed farmers to make their living by planting and harvesting crops. In addition, the discovery of crops-the seeds, the oil from the leaves, the stubble, and the root crops-was an important part of the economic system of the day.
The development of agricultural machinery began around the same time as the discovery of fire. With the use of crops, farming became more efficient and easier. The use of agricultural machinery helped farmers to save time on some of the more critical aspects of the process of farming. The development of irrigation systems, the use of hoeing and seed spreading machines, and the mechanization of work processes were all factors that helped to improve the productivity of the early farmers.
Over the years, agriculture has progressed tremendously. New crops are grown faster than ever before. New fertilizers and pesticides have been created. New agricultural technology is used to speed up the productivity of the agricultural fields. All of these new developments have helped to improve the profitability of the farming industry.
The century saw the birth of the ‘landlord class’. The landed gentry were the farmers who possessed large holdings in rural areas. These farmers were the ones who had access to the best of agricultural technology and who were responsible for ensuring that the productivity of their fields was at an optimum level. Throughout the late medieval and Renaissance era, the landed gentry started to form a class system in which the farmers of Britain were served by their friends and neighbors who lived on their lands. This is what is known as the enclosure effect.
Also, in the mid-nineteenth century, there was the introduction of the ‘field surveyor’ as a method of assessing the land and its yield. Between the middle of the nineteenth century and the end of the twentieth century, the UK experienced a major boom in farming. There was a huge increase in the volume of agricultural production. Some analysts believe that this increase in production was due to the invention of the ‘chemical fertilizer’ as well as the adoption of better crop management techniques.
The industrial revolution, however, turned the complexion of agriculture completely around. As the industrial revolution became more developed, tractors and other heavy equipment became a requirement for the cultivation of cereals, and also for the commercialization of fruits and vegetables. Also, changes in the way land were cultivated led to the replacement of the previous method of hoeing with the new method of plowing, which was more intensive and technically more difficult. In addition to all this, the introduction of modern pesticides meant that the UK’s food supply could no longer be guaranteed as the pests that had been killing off the livestock earlier were becoming even more resistant. These factors all combined to create a situation where the agricultural technology of the period was no longer relevant, and there was a serious decline in the overall volume of agricultural production.
With the start of the twentieth century, there was a realignment in the priorities of agricultural technology. First, the focus began to shift towards larger-scale farming, away from the small family farms that had been the norm in the period before. Second, the focus started to shift towards intensive irrigation, towards larger-scale mechanized systems which not only produced more output per area but also ensured that the same amount of input was required to yield the same result. Thirdly, there was an increased focus on improved management of soils, with an emphasis on improving soil fertility and management, and the use of chemicals as an augmenting part of this management. Although there have been many changes in the structure and development of agricultural engineering in the UK over the last sixty years, many of these changes have been driven by developments in the rest of the world, particularly the industrialization of countries like China and India, and the growth of South American agricultural products.