Agricultural technology plays an essential role in establishing sustainable and viable food systems throughout the world. The Green revolution (GR), which was initiated in the mid-1960s, is a benchmark example of how agriculture has changed with time. However, despite its enormous achievements, GR failed to attain its goal of transforming agricultural production because of many factors. One of these is the lack of agricultural technology advancements in key areas such as irrigation, genetics, and pests. The Green revolution, thus, succeeded in changing the way people view and farm food because of its targeted, localized approach. The Green revolution changed the way people looked at food by changing the mindset of consumers toward healthy foods and by changing the way farmers lived.
Because of the Green revolution in agriculture, advancements in agricultural technology were necessary to feed people and improve farming productivity. Today, there are many tools that have been developed to improve the productivity of agricultural fields and provide answers to many agricultural problems. Some of these tools include genetic engineering, biotechnology, hydroponics, irrigation systems, and fertilizers.
Biotechnology is the use of living organisms, especially genetically altered plants, to deliver various products, including medicine, pesticides, and fertilizers. In the last decade, biotechnology has grown tremendously with the development of various crops resistant to common pests and diseases. Biotechnology organizations around the world have spent decades developing crops that are highly productive and can withstand extreme weather conditions. Some examples of crops resistant to heat, drought, and insects include; maize, cotton, potatoes, alfalfa, sugarcane, tobacco, marine algae, and hydroelectricity. Some organizations have formed international alliances to advance the use of agricultural engineering.
Hydroponics is the process of growing plants without the use of soil. A number of organizations have developed various methods of hydroponic farming, which has resulted in the production of highly efficient and environmentally responsible agricultural products. Some of the most popular hydroponic products include tomatoes, strawberries, lettuce, herbs, and oat straw as organic produce. One of the benefits of using hydroponics techniques is that they create small, sterile environments that make it easier to control and monitor plant growth. A number of organizations have developed crops that are highly productive and free from insect infestations, making them highly sustainable.
Biotechnological agricultural technology refers to the use of living organisms to create, manufacture or deliver a product, such as livestock antibiotics. This breakthrough in agriculture has resulted in significant advances with regard to the production of antibiotics and other products. As this method becomes more widely used, there will be a significant increase in productivity. The animals’ immune system is greatly strengthened, thus resulting in a higher quality of life.
One of the most important concepts in the development of new agricultural technologies is genetics. This has allowed farmers to take control of the health of their crops, thereby increasing crop yields and overall agricultural productivity. Biotechnology has also allowed farmers to use environmentally safe fertilizers, resulting in crops that are more resilient to environmental challenges such as drought, flooding, and other natural disasters. This practice reduces the number of chemicals that are used in agricultural fields, allowing for a safer environment for both human health and the environment.
Livestock producers can benefit from improved food production by combining agricultural technology with modern techniques. For example, the incorporation of livestock genetics has resulted in increased yield levels and increased profitability. Biotechnology is also proving beneficial to farmers who use traditional farming to increase the quality and size of their crop basins. This type of agricultural technology makes it possible to increase crop yields by several hundred percent over traditional farming methods.
The creation of new agricultural technologies can result in significant advances with regard to food production and the environment. Some of these advancements have already been created and others will be created in the near future. However, agricultural technology that makes use of genetic engineering is still in its early stages. The need for investment in this type of technology is expected to grow, especially as food prices continue to rise. These investments in agricultural technology will help farmers reduce their dependence on foreign markets for agricultural products, allowing them to increase the amount of food that they are able to produce on a local level.