Agriculture is one of the world’s major sources of food and other natural resources. It accounts for about seventy percent of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in the United States. The agricultural sector supports more than seven million American jobs. Agriculture has been one of the world’s major drivers of economic growth since the 1950s. Understanding how agriculture works and its role in economic development can help businesses develop their own systems of agriculture.
Agriculture is made up of many different components. A combination of genetics, land management techniques, natural resources, and agricultural technology determines how agricultural production occurs on a large scale. In the United States, these various components are influenced by many factors. These factors determine the quality and volume of agricultural products produced, as well as the livelihood of people who live and work on farms. This overview will discuss some of the factors that determine the quality of agricultural technology.
One of the main factors determining the quality of agricultural technology is the quality of the underlying natural resources. These underlying causes vary greatly from one region to the next. Some of the natural resources that affect agricultural technology are soil quality, natural fertilizer and pest control practices, water availability and quality, land management practices, weather, and disease management.
Tilling and cultivating the soil is the most basic activity involved in agricultural technology. This process removes surface and grounds unwanted matter such as weeds, dead plant residues, debris, etc. Tilling requires consistent moisture, nutrient, temperature, and quantity of the substances needed to nourish the crop. It also involves mechanical operations like tilling, drilling, and cultivation.
Properly tilled and cultivated soils have good structure, contain proper amounts of fertility nutrients, are free from foreign organisms, and can bear more crops. In addition, agriculture needs the use of natural fertilizers for improving the quality of the soil and increasing the productivity of the farmer’s land. Many of these organic fertilizers are used in the tilled soils. The use of chemical fertilizers is now being rapidly replaced by the use of natural fertilizers. Many agricultural technologies, like genetic improvement and composting, are widely used for improving the quality of soils. Agriculture also uses pesticides for controlling pests and controlling weeds, and so on.
Livestock production requires intensive utilization of animal products for increasing the rate of growth of the farm stock. Some of the commonly used agricultural technologies in this context are animal feed, poultry rearing systems, bovine genetics, antibiotics, etc. Livestock management includes cattle farming, breeding programs, dairy farms, goat, poultry, buffaloes, etc., and is an important aspect of agricultural technology. Some of the other technologies used in agriculture technology are chemical fertilizers, hormones, crops improvement techniques, etc.,
Agriculture produces important residues such as proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins, etc., in the form of animal feed. Other residues include paper and pulp, straw, etc. These products constitute an essential part of the total food resource. In agricultural technologies, agricultural scientists are using new methods to improve the yield and quality of agricultural products. Some of the modern technologies that are widely used in the agricultural sectors are genetic engineering, livestock production, biotechnology, soil improvement, fertilization, irrigation systems, etc.
Agriculture is extensively used for animal feeding and other related activities. Modern technology is being used to transform traditional agriculture into modern technology. Agriculture has become one of the major drivers of the economy of developing countries. In order to boost the productivity of the agricultural sector, farmers are using a number of technologies in different sectors of the field.
One of the most significant agricultural innovations of the last century is the use of genetic engineering. This technology has led to a significant change in the way agriculture is conducted. This change is primarily reflected in the utilization of the natural resources more efficiently. The increased efficiency in utilization of the natural resources results in less pollution and waste generation, and in the process increases the productivity of the crop produced by the farmer. This leads to rising in the agricultural income of the farmer.
Another important innovation in agriculture is the use of biotechnology to improve the nutritional value of the soil. Biological fertilizers are being increasingly used to add nutrition to the soils. It is primarily responsible for increasing the fertility of the soils and thereby improves the productivity and yields of the farmer. Apart from this, farmers are also using advanced techniques for ensuring that the fertilized soils are suitable for other productions like food and fuel. Enhancing the nutritional value of the soil is crucial in ensuring that agricultural productions are not hampered due to deficiencies in the required nutrients.
Moreover, the recent introduction of mechanical tillage has also made an impact on the field of agriculture. This process of plowing the soil with the help of the machinery results in the complete elimination of the natural fertility of the soil and makes it more resistant to the various climatic conditions. Tillage, mechanical plowing, and seed-corn tillage are some of the common practices adopted for improving the soil’s fertility.