What is the Bachelor of Science in Agricultural Technology? As with many other degree programs, agricultural technology has changed quite a bit since the 1950s. What used to be the most job-oriented agricultural field has become one that combines research and education with the business of growing and harvesting the food we eat. What was once the realm of the farmer is now the domain of the food processing plant and the food manufacturing corporation.
Agriculture is most often considered a manmade industry; however, it has long been part of our society. The ancient Romans cultivated beans and corn; the Chinese grew wheat and rice; and the Indians grew indigo, tobacco, coffee, and tea. As Europe and North America became more crowded, what remained was an industry focused on creating crops more efficiently – and this led to an increased focus on landscape architecture, horticulture, and other forms of agriculture. With this shift in focus came the development of new skills like pest control, soil management, and irrigation.
With the advent of new technologies, more positions in government were created to oversee these developments. As the world population grew, the demand for food exploded, leading to an expansion of the agricultural market. These developments spurred the growth of what is known today as “food science” in the early twentieth century – what is termed agricultural technology.
One branch that has benefitted from the advent of modern technology in the area of horticulture. Horticulture is the process of improving the quality of the soil through chemical and biological means. Other areas of research include improved crop production, soil management, and pest management. In order to perform their duties, these professionals must be skilled in a number of disciplines including mathematics, chemistry, biology, physics, and physiology.
Another branch of the life sciences agriculture technology that has seen tremendous changes is dairy. Modern dairy farms are some of the most technologically advanced in the world. The changes in technology that have taken place in the field of dairy farming over the last hundred years have been incredible. New technologies like the vacuum sprayer, automated storage systems, and feedlots have made a significant difference in the way that dairy is produced and processed.
When it comes to livestock production, one of the most important decisions an agricultural producer must make is what sort of animals to raise. Today, there are an amazing array of choices for those in the agricultural business. Whether it’s producing beef, poultry, dairy, or eggs, managing animal health is critical to the success of the business.
Animal health is also an important consideration in the agricultural sciences because diseases carried by micro-organisms can have devastating effects on the entire agricultural industry. For this reason, many farmers choose to focus their attention on working with veterinarians and other specialists in the veterinary healthcare industry. Those in this field can assist plant owners and growers in creating the best practices possible for managing animal health. They also provide advice as to which treatments may be most beneficial to the environment and are useful tools for helping to reduce the threat of disease.
As you can see, there are a lot of interrelated trends that make up agriculture. These trends tend to push products and methods forward in both the agricultural and landscape sciences. Because of these trends, individuals who choose careers in either field will be prepared to have a wide range of job responsibilities. They will have the opportunity to show off their knowledge of plant and animal science, as well as their ability to implement their learning in both arenas.