Agriculture technology is the application of technologies in agriculture, forestry, and aquaculture for the purpose of increasing yield, productivity, efficiency, and profitability in the agriculture industry. Agriculture technology can also be products, goods, or services derived directly from agriculture which improve various agricultural output/efficiency. Agriculture technology helps a nation economically by reducing costs and increasing returns. Some of the sectors requiring agriculture technology are food and feed processing, dairy, livestock and poultry, dairy farming, fruit and vegetable production, beef production and marketing, nursery and crop development, insect control and pest management, genetically modified food and poultry, fuel and nutrition, ornamental crops, greenhouse gas emissions, water management, farm finance and related market analysis and engineering services, and packaging and labeling technology.
A major part of agriculture technology is the application of fertilizers and pesticides, the removal of weeds and pests, improved soil management techniques and handling, etc. There are many other aspects of agriculture technology such as irrigation systems, fertilizers, and pesticides for growing plants and crop yields, livestock feeds, tillage, etc. The foodgrain is one of the staple products of agriculture. Agriculture produces food for human consumption and animal consumption. The major products of agriculture are cereals, pulses, vegetables, fruits, wine, and beer.
Agriculture is the science and technology combines to provide quality output in an economical way. This process is called agriculture technology. Agriculture is also known as the science of the soil. It is important to apply scientific knowledge to the development of the soil. One such application of agriculture technology is micro-irrigation, which is a technology that has been practiced since the 7th century BC.
Agriculture is very vital for the economic development of the nation. Various techniques are adopted for increasing the production and progress of agriculture. Advancement in the techniques of agriculture technology enables farmers to increase the productivity of the land by increasing the crops sown. Various methods like fertilization, pest control, seed improvement, soil improvement, etc. are adopted for improving the condition of the land.
With the advancement in agriculture technology, farmers are able to save a lot of money. Irrigation systems, pumps, tillage equipment, fertilizers, and pesticides are some of the essential components of an irrigation system. With these tools and machinery, the yields of the crops are increased manifold. These innovations help farmers save on money and time, thus making them independent from foreign markets.
The advancements in the agricultural fields have made use of GPS instruments to locate the precise location of the individual plants or crops. This helps farmers to monitor their farms accurately. This helps them to make quick decisions on the best method of taking care of their crops. The temperature, humidity, and rainfall are measured by these sensors for predicting the harvest time.
Indoor Vertical farming is another important arena in which agriculture technology has taken root. With precision agriculture technology, it has become easy to grow livestock like goats, chickens, cattle, etc. with ease. The other important innovation that helped consumers make better decisions on their food choices includes the usage of refrigerators, stoves, and drying rooms, thereby ensuring food safety.
The above-mentioned technologies help to transform farming from a manual process to one that requires machines. It has also led to significant inputs on the environment. Greenhouse gases, pesticides, and fertilizers have been omitted as they deplete the soil. This has ensured a sustainable farming system. With these insights, you can definitely say that agriculture has really made its mark on the environment. These insights into the lives and activities of farmers will help us to appreciate and understand the importance of agriculture technology.